Lawmakers on the committee have been considering whether to recall fellow Republicans for months, wrestling with whether they have the constitutional right to do so, and debating whether they want to create such a precedent.
With the hearings approaching less than a month, the committee faces a ticking clock to obtain all possible information.
“The select committee has learned that several of our colleagues have information relevant to our investigation into the January 6 attack and the events leading up to it,” said committee chair Representative Penny Thompson, a Democrat from Mississippi, in a statement. “Before we hold the hearings next month, we would have liked to have the opportunity for members to discuss these matters with the committee voluntarily.”
“Unfortunately, the individuals who received today’s subpoenas have declined, and we are compelled to take this step to help ensure that the commission reveals the facts regarding January 6th.” “We urge our colleagues to comply with the law, do their patriotic duty, and cooperate in our investigation as hundreds of other witnesses have done.”
The committee had set a date for filing arguments with members of Congress at the end of May.
CNN has reached out to the five members of Congress for comment.
In its initial letter to McCarthy in January, the committee made it clear that it wanted to question him about his communications with former President Donald Trump, White House staff and others in the week following the January 6 attack, “particularly regarding President Trump’s state of mind at this time.”
The panel also wanted to understand how McCarthy’s public comments since the attack had changed from critical to Trump’s defense over time, and wondered if Trump pressured him to change his tone when they met in late January 2021.
Since the committee’s letter to McCarthy, a new audio recording has revealed that in the days following the January 6 rebellion, the minority leader considered asking Trump to resign. The audio also revealed that McCarthy told Republican lawmakers on a private conference call that Trump had admitted to bearing some responsibility for the deadly attack.
The committee first reached out to Jordan, one of Trump’s strongest allies on Capitol Hill, in December to learn more about contacts he had with Trump on January 6, and with Trump allies who had been stationed in the Willard Hotel war room in the days before that. to attack.
Jordan and Trump spoke by phone on the morning of January 6, 2021, while Trump was at the White House, White House call records in the committee’s possession, first reported by CNN, show. Since Jordan first acknowledged that he spoke to Trump on the phone that day, the Ohio Republican and Trump loyalists have either ignored questions about it or been inconsistent in his answers.
Jordan was also previously identified as one of the lawmakers who texted then-White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows that the committee was in possession of it. The letter Jordan sent to Meadows on January 5, 2021 outlined a legal theory that then-Vice President Mike Pence had the authority to stand in the way of ratification of the 2020 election.
Jordan was chosen by McCarthy in July to be one of the five GOP members on the Jan. 6 committee, but House Speaker Nancy Pelosi rejected McCarthy’s selection of Jordan, along with Republican Representative Jim Banks of Indiana, because she said their appointments could impact On the Safety Investigation. Pelosi’s decision prompted McCarthy to withdraw all five of his members, which further strained the two parties’ desire to work together, and led Pelosi to select Republican lawmakers Liz Cheney of Wyoming and Adam Kinzinger of Illinois to serve on the committee.
Perry was the first lawmaker the commission requested voluntary cooperation from because of the key role he played in trying to help Trump undermine the 2020 election. Text messages obtained by CNN that appeared after the commission’s initial message filled in significant gaps about the role Perry played at nearly every turn. in planning to reverse or delay the ratification of the 2020 elections.
Text messages that Meadows provided to the committee selectively show that Perry has been lobbying to have the country’s most senior intelligence official investigate baseless conspiracy theories and work to replace the acting US attorney general with an aide willing to do Trump’s bid.
“From a friend of Intel: DNI needs to instruct the NSA to immediately take over and begin searching for international connections related to Dominion,” Perry wrote to Meadows on November 12, 2020, just five days after Joe Biden called for the election.
In the text, which has not been previously reported, Perry appears to have urged Meadows to persuade John Ratcliffe, then director of national intelligence, to order the National Security Agency to investigate debunked allegations that the Dominion voting machines had been hacked by China.
A recent court filing also revealed how Perry played a key role in strategizing with Trump allies about eliminating electoral votes in states that Trump lost.
In a affidavit issued in April, Cassidy Hutchinson, a former White House aide to Trump, told House investigators about Perry’s role in White House strategy sessions.
Hutchinson said, describing how the Pennsylvania Republican clashed with a Trump adviser in the White House over whether the states’ plan to introduce an alternative slate of electors was legally sound.
A transcript from November 21, 2020, shows Meadows even passed through Perry in order to reach out to local lawmakers in his state.
Meadows wrote to Perry: “Can you send the number of the speaker and the leader of the PA legislature. POTUS wants to talk to them.”
The transcripts also show that Perry served as a conduit between Meadows and Justice Department attorney Jeffrey Clark, a relatively obscure official who emerged as a central figure in Trump’s election gambit after the former president nearly called him a prosecutor days before the riots at the US Capitol. .
The messages link Perry and Clark directly to the Trump-led effort in the White House to recruit the Department of Justice to help overturn the election.
Last year, the Senate singled out Perry for his role in promoting Trump’s election fraud plots.
Text messages in the commission’s possession reveal that Perry texted Meadows multiple times to request that the conversation be moved to the encrypted messaging app Signal or to alert Meadows of a message he sent on the encrypted platform.
Such a move could put the exchange out of the commission’s reach because Signal does not collect or store user data, making it difficult to provide that information to outside entities, including law enforcement and congressional investigators, even under a subpoena.
The committee reached out to Biggs earlier this month to discuss his participation in planning meetings at the White House and remotely regarding “various aspects of planning for January 6.”
When seeking Bigs’ voluntary cooperation, the commission said it wanted to understand “exactly” what he knew prior to the January 6 violence, “about the purposes, planning, and expectations for the march on the Capitol.”
Bigs has also been reaching out to Meadows about efforts to convince state lawmakers that the 2020 election was stolen, and has sought their help in trying to overturn the election, according to communications in the committee’s possession.
Brooks came to the committee’s attention after revealing that Trump had repeatedly asked him to act to nullify the 2020 election and remove Biden from office.
This story was updated with additional developments on Thursday.