Kia ora e hoa (howdy, buddy) reveals the e phrase because the “title half”.
Within the persevering with research of “ngā kupu iti” – “little phrases” or particles – the final column ends with examples of the usage of e Because the ‘tackle half’: Kia Aura / I Hon. (“Hello John”) and E noho. (“Please sit down.”).
in each contexts – i.e. whether or not it precedes a noun, as within the first instance, or a verb (noho Means “sit” or “keep”) this e It’s used solely earlier than phrases which have not more than two quick vowels or one lengthy vowel. thus: E tū. (“whoa”) and Kia Aura / Hua. (“Hey my buddy) However: Kōrero mai. (“Discuss to me.”). Kia Ora / Tamariki Ma. (“Hey, children.”).
There might typically be an ostensible translation of this phrase into English slang for “Hey!”: E Hone / haere mai. (“Hey, John, come on.”). It’s virtually actually finest, nevertheless, to not insist on translating on this approach, however to focus solely on the perform of the phrase in te reo.
When e The verb precedes, there isn’t a parallel in English, and the 2 usages (the previous noun or verb) will be considered simply completely different features of the identical phrase.
Nevertheless, there are particles of the identical spell – e – which have to be acknowledged as fully separate phrases. One is one other preposition – with the distinction that on this case there’s an English parallel.
In passive sentences, this e It introduces ‘proxy’ (the agent chargeable for one thing taking place) and thus acts as equal to ‘by’: Ka whakakitea mai / e ia / ki ahau / he awa waiora. (“He manifests / by him / me / the river of the water of life”).
This use e It happens extra continuously as a result of the unfavourable building is used extra typically in te reo Māori than in English. (For instance, the same old English model of the sentence above is lively, not passive in building: “He confirmed me a river…”)
Totally featured, once more, is the usage of e As a verb particle, it precedes the verb base. Within the verb scheme of the Williams Dictionary, when it follows the verb rule I The verb “incomplete (steady) previous, current or future” is known as: E karanga ana / ia. (“She was or was, was, or shall be calling.”)
with out I Right here is the tense kind “indefinite: future”: E karanga / ia. (“She or he will name”). In a unfavourable kind such a sentence e It occurs twice: E kore / ia / e karanga. (“She or he won’t name”). Sure – loads of work for one little phrase!
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